In previous article we told about lack of nitrogen in plants, how dangerous it is and how to deal with it or prevent it with the help of Novaland.
Today we will talk about phosphorus – the second essential element from NPK. Phosphorus is the same important element for plant nutrition like nitrogen or potassium for obtaining best harvest. Phosphorus is a part of a large amount of chemical compounds in the plant like phosphatide, nucleotide, enzyme etc. It also is a part of cell nucleus and membranes. In addition, phosphorus is directly involved in the processes of glycolysis and respiration. Phosphorus can be stored in the composition of the cell sap, having a direct effect on the physiological state of the cell and its chemical composition. The greatest need for phosphorus manifests in plants in the early stages of growth and during flowering. Phosphorus is the main element necessary for normal germination of seeds, so the use of phosphate fertilizers including Novaland Seaweed is mandatory when planting seeds.
The first symptoms of phosphorus deficiency are dull blue-green spots on the surface of the leaves. In a case of strong lack of phosphorus it forms red-violet spots on the leaves of plants. The tips of leaves with a strong phosphorus deficiency look burnt with signs of necrosis. If you do not take the necessary measures to eliminate phosphorus starvation, then plants can die.
If you do not provide plants with phosphorus applying NovaLand Seaweed and Seapower fertilizers shoots will look short, the leaves shallow, and the plants themselves will lag behind in growth and a yield will be very low. In addition, with a lack of phosphorus ovaries can crumble and the fruit will cease to form.
However, the use of phosphorus fertilizers is not enough to prevent phosphorus deficiency. The point is that phosphorus binds easily with strongly alkaline and acidic reactions of the soil and becomes not accessible to plants. Therefore, for better accessibility of phosphorus, it is necessary to monitor the reaction of soil environment, maintaining it within pH range of 5.5-7.
An important nuance of the use of phosphate fertilizers, including Novaland Seaweed and Seapower, is their mandatory mixing with the soil. The fact is that most of the batteries are easily soluble in water and easily spread as vertically (from top to bottom with irrigation water and rain) and in the horizontal plane. However, phosphorus fertilizers are poorly soluble in water, in view of which they practically do not migrate in the soil, lingering locally at the sites of application. In this case, if phosphorus fertilizers are not mixed with the soil, supersaturation of the upper soil layer with phosphorus may occur, which leads to deficiency of zinc and iron for young plants.
Phosphorus is a pretty whimsical element, but it is quite simple to eliminate phosphorus deficiency: it is necessary to use phosphorus fertilizers (for example, Novaland Seaweed or Seapower) before planting the plants, mixing them well with the soil. In addition, it is worth remembering that the effectiveness of using phosphorus depends on the overall balance of nutrition. The greatest effectiveness of phosphorus fertilizers is observed when nitrogen, potassium and a common complex of microelements, for example, contained in Novaland Nano6, are used together. The use of phosphorus fertilizers (triple superphosphate, superphosphate, etc.) undoubtedly prevents the lack of this element. However, to create the optimal balance of batteries, you need to use complex fertilizers, such as Novaland Seaweed or NovaLand SeaPower. They contain in their composition not only a balanced complex for the nutrition of most plants, but also have a high content of organic matter, which allows improving the fertility of the soil, along with the growth of your crop.